Published Research Results

Both Daubert and Frye standards for admissible scientific evidence in American trials emphasize the importance of peer-reviewed scientific publications. Listed below are some scientific publications related to research conducted through ILE.  At ILE we see forensic linguistics as a branch of  linguistics, so it is important to know if researchers have published in linguistics in linguistics journals and at linguistics conferences and in related fields (psychology, computer science, statistics, digital evidence).  Listed below are publications and presentations in forensic linguistics, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics and theoretical linguistics. All publications are authored by Carole E. Chaski PhD and joint publications list co-authoring research associates.

Academic Book Chapters

2012. “Author Identification in the Forensic Setting.” In Lawrence Solan and Peter Tiermsa, editors. The Oxford Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, Oxford University Press.
2010. “Linguistics as a Forensic Science: The Case of Author Identification.” In Susan Behrens and Judith A. Parker, editors. Language in the Real World.Routledge.
2008. “The Computational-Linguistic Approach to Forensic Authorship Attribution.” In Frances Olsen, Alexander Lorz, and Dieter Stein, editors. Law and Language: Theory and Practice. Düsseldorf University Press.
2008. “Authorship Attribution in a Multinational Corporate Setting.” With Mary Snider Boldt. In Frances Olsen, Alexander Lorz, and Dieter Stein, editors. Law and Language: Theory and Practice. Düsseldorf University Press.
2007. “The Keyboard Dilemma and Author Identification.” In Sujeet Shinoi and Philip Craiger, editors. Advances in Digital Forensics III. New York: Springer.

2005. “Forensic Linguistics, Author Identification and Admissibility.” In Cyril Wecht and John Rago, editors. Foundations of Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil and Family Justice. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

2013. “Best Practices and Admissibility in Forensic Author Identification.” Journal of Law & Policy, Brooklyn Law School, Brooklyn, New York.
2007. “Identifying Authorship by Byte-Level N-Grams: The Source Code Author Profile (SCAP) Method.” International Journal of Digital Evidence, Spring 2007, Volume 6:1. With G. Frantzeskou, E. Stamatatos, S. Gritzalis, and B. S. Howald.
2006. (accepted and I withdrew this manuscript). “Discriminant Function Analysis Results for Authorship Attribution in the Forensic Setting.” International Journal of Speech, Language and Law.
2005. “Computational Stylistics in Forensic Author Identification.” Proceedings of the SIGIR 2005 Workshop on Stylistics. ACM SIGIR 2005, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
2005. “Discriminant Function Analysis in Forensic Authorship Attribution.” Proceedings of the Classification Society of North America/Interface Foundation Annual Meeting. Interface Symposium and its Proceedings: Computing Science and Statistics. St. Louis: Washington University.
2005. “Who’s At the Keyboard? Recent Results in Authorship Attribution.” International Journal of Digital Evidence. Volume 4:1. Spring 2005. 2002.“Language as Clue: Authorship Identification in an Electronic Society.” Law Enforcement Executive Institute Forum. Volume 2, Number 3. September 2002. Published by University of Western Illinois.
2001.“Empirical Evaluation of Language-Based Author Identification Techniques.” Forensic Linguistics: International Journal of Speech, Language and Law. Volume 8:1. pp. 1-64. June 2001. Published by University of Birmingham, England.
1997. “Who Wrote It? Steps Toward a Science of Authorship Identification.” National Institute of Justice Journal. September 1997.

ON COMPUTATIONAL AND THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS:

1994. “The Future Pluperfect: Double Tense in Southern American English.” American Speech: Journal of the American Dialect Society.

1992. “Networked Academic Publishing and the Rhetorics of its Reception.” Centennial Review. With Eyal Amiran and John Unsworth.

1990. “The Big Three in Contemporary Syntax: Review of Geoffrey Horrock’s Generative Grammar.” American Speech: Journal of the American Dialect Society.

1988. “GB, GPSG and the Separation of Case and Agreement.” Proceedings of CLS Parasession on Agreement. University of Chicago: Chicago.

1987. “Encoding Case Variation in the Grammar.” Proceedings of NWAV XV. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

1986. “Linear and Metrical Analyses of Manam Stress.” Oceanic Linguistics, Vol. XXV.

1985. “Parser Design and the Mapping from Competence to Performance.” Brown University Working Papers in Linguistics Volume V.

Monograph

1999. Eyewitness Evidence: A Guide for Law Enforcement. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Also available through National Criminal Justice Reference Service: NCJ 178240. This was jointly authored by the Technical Working Group for Eyewitness Evidence in which I served.

Academic and Professional Conference Presentation Abstracts and Invited Lectures (Invited Lectures are Starred *)

*2014g. “Forensic Linguistics: Myths and Truths.” American University, Washington DC.

2014f. “Collecting Ground-Truth, Web-Based Data for Research in Forensic Linguistics.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.

*2014e. “Science and Conscience in Forensic Linguistics.” Martin Luther King Celebration, Department of Linguistics, University of Michigan.

2014d. “Data for Empirical Foundation in Forensic Linguistics: Overview of Symposium.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.

2014c. “Collecting Forensic Linguistic data: Experimental Subjects and Authorship Identification.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. With Judith A Parker.

2014b.”Collecting Forensic Linguistic data: Police and Investigative Sources of Data for Deception Detection Research.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. With Sgt. Larry Barksdale and Michael Reddington.

2014a. “The Four Corners of Investigative Forensic Linguistics.” TALE: The Association for Linguistic Evidence 2014, Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.

*2013f. “Forensic Linguistics and Digital Evidence.” George Washington University, Washington DC.

*2013e. “Opportunity and Community in Forensic Computational Linguistics.” University of Washington Computational Linguistics Program, online presentation.

*2013d. “Forensic Linguistics, Watergate and Insider Threat.” Wecht Institute of Forensic Science, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. With Philip T. Mellinger.

2013c. “Do Police Suicide Notes Differ from General Population Suicide Notes?” Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. With Robert Dourglas, Jr.

*2013b. “Linguistics as a Tool in Interviewing and Interrogation.” Wicklander-Zulawski Elite Training. Pleasanton, CA.

2013a. “Re Forensic Linguistics: Five data Handling Issues.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Boston, MA.

2011c. “IntentFinder: A System for Discovering Significant Information Implicit in Large, Heterogeneous Document Collections.” With Lyle Ungar and Steve Liebholz. Proceedings of IEEE Homeland Security Technology, Boston, MA.

2011b. “Facebook and the Faceless: Authorship in an Electronic Society.” With Alice Lustre, Esq. Jurisprudence Section, Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA

2011a. “Is This a Real Suicide Note? Authentication Using Statistical Classifiers and Computational Linguistics.” With Denise Huddle. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Section, Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting,  Atlanta, GA.

*2010f. “Forensic Linguistics in the Real World of Law.” Marymount Manhattan University, New York, NY.

*2010e. “Authorship Identification Methods.” Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.

*2010d. “A Modern History of Handwriting Examination.” National Association of Document Examiners Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

*2010c. “Forensic Linguistic Methods for Document Examiners.” National Association of Document Examiners Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

*2010b. “ALIAS and web_ALIAS.” National Association of Document Examiners Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

*2010a. “Forensic Linguistic Methods.” University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, VA.

2009d. “The Language of Trauma Narratives.” Proceedings of the International Academy of Law and Mental Health. New York, NY.

2009c. “Forensic Linguistics: Curious and Instructive Parallels between Voiceprints and Forensic Stylistics.” With John R. Middleton, Esq. Engineering Sciences Section. Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Denver CO.

2009b. “Validation Testing for FLASH ID on the Chaski Writer Sample Database.” With Mark A. Walch. Questioned Documents Section. Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Denver CO.

2009a. “Using Computational Forensic Linguistics to Screen for Pedophilic Communications.” With Raye Croghan. Digital and Multimedia Section. Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Denver CO.

*2008d. “New Directions in Forensic Linguistics: Syntactic Approaches to the Analysis of Forensic Texts.” Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ.

2008c. “Using the N-Gram Approach for Forensic Authorship Attribution and Text Relatedness.” Association for Digital Forensics, Security and Law. Oklahoma City, OK. April.

*2008b. “How You Can Use Forensic Linguistics.” Nebraska International Association of Identification. Ashland, NE. April.

*2008a.”A Computational Approach to Threat Assessment.” European Association of Threat Assessment Professionals. Lucerne, Switzerland. March.

2007i. (with Frances Olsen, J.D.) “A Diachronic Analysis of Judicial Language in Domestic Violence Rulings.” Proceedings of the Law and Society Association Annual Meeting, Berlin, Germany. July.

2007h. “Overview of Research in the Linguistics of Deception.” Panel on the Linguistics of Deception. International Association of Forensic Linguists 8, Seattle, WA. July.

2007g. “Multilingual Forensic Author Identification Through N-Gram Analysis.” International Association of Forensic Linguists 8, Seattle, WA. July.

2007f. “Empirically Testing the Uniqueness of Aggregated Stylemarkers.” Panel on Authorship Attribution. International Association of Forensic Linguists 8, Seattle, WA. July.

2007e. “Real Threats, Simulated Threats and the Unsaid.” Proceedings of the International Academy of Law and Mental Health, Padua, Italy. June.

2007d. “Automating a Reliable System for Distinguishing Real from Simulated Threat Letters.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Section, February, 2007. San Antonio, TX.

2007c. “A Validated Admissible, Computational Method for Detecting Electronic Authorship.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Engineering Sciences Section, February, 2007. San Antonio, TX.

2007 b. “The Keyboard Dilemma and Forensic Author Identification.” International Workshop on Digital Forensics (IFIP- Digital Evidence). January, 2007. National Center for Forensic Science, Orlando, FL.

* 2007a. “Forensic Linguistics, E-Discovery and Digital Forensics.” Delaware Bar Association Labor and Employment Law Section. January, 2007. Wilmington, DE.

2006h. “Text-typing a Suicide Note and Justice for Diaz-Perez. Proceedings of the Law and Society Association Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD. July.

2006g. “Text-typing Threat Letters.” (with Blake Stephen Howald, JD and Judith A. Parker, PhD. Proceedings of the Law and Society Association Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD. July.

2006f. “Authorship Identification in Actual Situations: Questions, Data, and Methods. Bonn University, Bonn, Germany. May.

2006e. “Multilingual Interferences in Corporate Email Authorship Identification.” (with Mary Snider PhD.) Bonn University, Bonn, Germany. May.

2006d. “The Computational-Linguistic Approach to Forensic Authorship Attribution.” The Language and Law Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany. May.

2006c. “German-American Standards for Authorship Attribution in Multinational Corporation Cases.” (with Mary Snider, PhD.) The Language and Law Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany. May.

2006b. “The Forensic Linguistics of Authorship Attribution. Minisymposium on Language and Law. Yale University Law School. April.

*2006a. “Applied Linguistics, Forensic Linguistics and Authorship Attribution.” Montclair State University. February.’

2005f. “Computational Stylistics in Forensic Author Identification.” Proceedings of the ACM Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval Conference, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. August.

2005e. “Alternative Distance Measures for Validating the Syntactic Analysis Method.” Seventh Biennial International Association of Forensic Linguists Conference, University of Cardiff, Wales. July.

2005d. “Discriminant Function Analysis in Forensic Authorship Attribution.” Joint Meeting of the Classification Society of North America and The Interface, Washington University, St. Louis, MO. June.

*2005c. “The Legal and Scientific Status of Forensic Author Identification.” Maryland Public Defenders Conference, Ocean City, MD. May.

2005b. “Syntactic Measures for Authorship Determination.” International Linguistics Association Conference, New York, NY. April.

*2005a. “Pattern Recognition Techniques in Forensic Sciences: Results and Software Demonstration” National Institute of Justice Research Committee, American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. February.

2004b. “Recent Results in the Validation of the Syntactic Analysis Method of Authorship Attribution.” Conference on Language and Law, Cardiff, Wales. July.

2004a.“The Syntactic Analysis Method of Author Identification.” National Institute of Justice Research Committee, American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX. February.

2003. “Author Identification in Civil and Criminal Cases.” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln Laboratory, Speech and Language Group, Technical Exchange Meeting (including LL, ILE, USSS, Brooklyn Law School). Lexington, MA. October.

2001. “A Validated Method for Authorship Attribution.” International Association of Forensic Linguists Bi-annual Meeting, St. Julian’s, Malta. June-July.

2000. “Identification through Linguistic Patterns.” International Association of Identification Annual Meeting, Charleston, WV. July.

1999a. “Reliability and Author Identification.” National Conference on Science and the Law (sponsored by US DOJ’s National Institute of Justice, American Academy of Forensic Sciences, American Bar Association and National Center for State Courts In collaboration with Federal Judicial Center and National Academy of Sciences. San Diego, CA. April.

1999b. “Linguistic-based Authorship Identification.” Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Continuing Education Symposium, Phoenix, AZ. November.

1998. “Toward an Authentic Science of Authorship.” Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Sciences, Rockville, MD. May.

1998. “An Automated Language-Based Authorship System for Document Authentication.” Questioned Documents Section, Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. February.

*1998. “Linguistic Methods of Determining Authorship: Progress Report 3.” National Institute of Justice Research Committee, American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. February.

1997a. “Electronic Parsing Authorship System.” International Association of Forensic Linguists Biannual Meeting, Durham, NC. September.

1997b. “Linguistic Methods of Determining Authorship: Progress Report. National Institute of Justice Research Committee, American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, New York, NY. February.

1997c. “Electronic Parsing for Idiolectal Features in Suspect Documents.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Winter Meeting, New York, NY. January.

1996a. “Empirical Evidence for Language-Based Methods of Author Identification.” International Association of Identification Annual Meeting, Greensboro, NC. July.

*1996b. “Linguistic Methods of Determining Authorship: Progress Report 1.” National Institute of Justice Research Committee, American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN. February.

1995. “Language-Based Methods of Author Identification.” Mid-Atlantic Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Fairfax, VA. May.

*1993.”The Role of the Linguist in Forensic Investigation.” Major Crimes Division, Raleigh Police Department, Raleigh, NC. April.

ON COMPUTATIONAL AND THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS:

1993. “The Syntax of Double Modals in Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar.” Chapel Hill Spring Linguistics Conference, Chapel Hill, NC.

1990. “Chomsky’s Rivals: Alternative Grammars.” Exploration in Cognition and Language: The Influence of Noam Chomsky, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.

1990. “Accounting for Double Modal Dialects in GPSG.” Symposium on Double Modals in Multiple Framework South Eastern Conference On Linguistics, Greenwood, SC.

1989. “Using Hypercard to Represent Linguistic Knowledge and Teach Metalinguistic Reasoning.” 10th Annual Florida Educational Technology Conference, Daytona Beach, FL.

1989. “A Metrical Analysis of Papago Noun Pluralization.” (w/Kenneth Andrews MPH). Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

*1989. “Parsing Really  Natural Natural Language.” Center for Machine Intelligence, University of South Carolina-Columbia.

*1989. “Case Theory, Case In Tiers, GPSG/HPSG and Case Attraction in Greek.” MITRE Corporation, Bedford, MA.

1989. “Case as Stepsister in GB Theory.” South Eastern Conference On Linguistics, Norfolk, VA.

1988. “Morphological Agreement and Binding Theory.” South Atlantic Modern Language Association, Washington, DC.

1988. “Morphological Conditions on Binding Theory and Syntactic Change.” Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

1988. “Cross-Linguistic Evidence on PRO’s Government.” Symposium on Typology and Parameters, South Eastern Conference On Linguistics, Memphis, TN.

1987. “Case In Tiers and Case Attraction in Greek.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

1987. “Infinitival Constituency in RG, GB and GPSG.” Modern Language Association, San Francisco, CA

1987. “A PROblem in Ancient Greek and Ozark English.” 13th Annual Conference on Language and Linguistics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MI.

1987. “Syntactic Markedness and Clausal Integrity in RG.” 3rd Biennial Conference on Grammatical Relations and Relational Grammar, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

1987. “Pragmatic Factors in the Syntax of Ancient Greek Anaphora.” Penn Linguistics Colloquium, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

1986. “COMP, Case and the Greek Infinitive.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, New York, NY.

1986. “Theta Theory, Case Theory and Ancient Greek Case Attraction.” North East Modern Language Association, New Brunswick, NJ.

*1978. “Antigone, Ethos and the Dual.” Bryn Mawr College Classics Colloquium, Bryn Mawr, PA.

ON PSYCHOLOGY OF READING:

*1993.”May I Have A Word With You? Adult Literacy and Definitions of Word.” Mary Washington College, Fredericksburg, VA.

1992. “Metalinguistic Awareness and Literate/Illiterate Responses to Segment Deletion Tasks.” Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA

1990. “The Word for Linguists, Oral Poets and Adult illiterates.” South Atlantic Modern Language Association, Tampa, FL.

*1989.”Metalinguistic Awareness and the Acquisition of Literacy.” Linguistics Program Colloquium, University of South Carolina-Columbia.

1989. “Metalinguistic Awareness, Literacy and Natural Readers.” Cognitive Science Group, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.

1988. “Metalinguistic Assumptions of Reading Methods.” Conference on Literacy and Linguistics. 17th Annual UWM Linguistics Symposium, Milwaukee, WI.

1985. “Linguistic Rules and EFL Reading.” 6th Annual USF Conference on Second Language Acquisition, Tampa, FL.

1982. “Literacy, Self and Other: From Plato to Poulet.” Conference on Future of Literacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.

Technical Grant Reports

1998. A Daubert-Inspired Assessment of Current Techniques for Language-Based Author Identification. ILE Technical Report1098. Also available through National Criminal Justice Reference Service: NCJ 172234.

ON PSYCHOLINGUISTICS OF LITERACY:

1994. Assessing the TextDisc-Based Workplace Literacy Program: Method, Data and Results. Technical Report. (with Jamie Strauss Larsen). NCSU. Raleigh, North Carolina.

1993. Design of an Assessment Module for TextDisc, a Multimedia Workplace Literacy Program. Technical Report. NCSU. Raleigh, North Carolina.